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Hyrcanian Forests

Hyrcanian Forests

Iran has a large number of national parks and protected areas, including two natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites, one of which is the Caspian Hyrcanian Forest. Located in the northern Iran by the Caspian Sea, the forest covers the area of 850km and from the historical perspectives dates back to 25 to 50 million years. Hyrcanian forest is home to 180 species of birds, 58 species of mammals, including Panthera pardus tulliana (Persian leopard). One of the habitats of this rare species is Jahan Nama protected area, that Adventure Iran’s “The Red Snake Wall” and the “Turkoman Plain” tours lie through.

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The Great Wall Of Gorgan

The Great Wall of Gorgan

The remains of the Great Wall of Gorgan, also known as “The Red Snake Wall” are located in northern Iran in the Golestan Province. Dating back to the Sasanid dynasty, the wall was originally built in approx. 420-530AD, which makes it 1,000 years older than the Great Wall of China. It has the remains of 38 fortifications and stretches for almost 200km. The Great Wall of Gorgan is believed by some to be the longest manmade ancient barrier between Central Europe and China and even longer than the Hadrian’s Wall and the Antonine Wall put together. Substantial sections of the Great Wall of Gorgan appear however to be buried under the Caspian Sea. Together with the Tammisheh Wall, a shorter defensive barrier of similar design, also dating from the Sasanid time, both walls were part of the same defence system and were built of large fired bricks of similar shape and size and lined by an earth bank and ditch (supplied with water by the canals).

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Gonbad-e Qabus

Gonbad-e Qabus

A small agricultural town of Gonbad-e Qabus (also pronounced Gonbad-e Kavoos) lies approx. 500km east of Mashhad and is home to the UNESCO World Heritage Site under the same name – spectacular Gonbad-e Qabus brick tower. Built in 1006 as a burial chamber for a Ziyarid prince, it is 72m-high and is one of the tallest brick towers in the world. The tower walls are 3 metres thick and the tower itself is 17 metres in diameter. It is part of the world’s second largest defence wall, the 155km-long Qizil Alan.

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Shemshak Village

Shemshak village

Shemshak village is one of the highest villages in Iran situated in the heart of the Central Alborz Mountain, with 2,700 m altitude. It is only 65 km from the centre of Tehran, about a 1 ½- hour drive to reach through a mountainous road. There is also a ski resort beside Shemshak village called Shemshak Ski resort. This ski resort is famous, as it was the first to open in Iran in 1958, and is now the third largest ski resort in the country after Dizin and Darbansar. Shemshak village is surrounded by numerous mountains above 3,000 m and 4,000 m; which makes the area ideal for hiking and mountain biking during spring, early summer, and summer. It is perfect for skiing in the winter., The 3,000m mountains are just right for easy and moderate hikes and are close to the village. For strenuous and challenging trekkers the renowned mountains above 4,000 m. are perfect. There is a 15 Km mountain ridge above Shemshak village, stretching from Koloon Bastak (4,170m) in the west to Sarakchal (4,210m) in the east. Between the two peaks there are even more mountains over 4,000m (Sarakchal 2 & Sarakchal 3), making this ridgeline so…

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Azad Kuh Mountain (4,400 M / 14,288 Ft)

Azad Kuh Mountain (4,400 m / 14,288 ft)

Azad Kuh Mountain, with a giant rocky summit, is one of the highest peaks in Iran, and located in the high central Alborz mountains. Azad means ‘free’ and Kuh means ‘mountain’. The free mountain might be the local name, due to it being cone shaped, so dissimilar from the other surrounding mountains. If you assume a line from Tehran city to the north, in the direction of “Noshahr city”, Azad Kuh is located somewhere in the middle. The three faces of the summit, north, east, and west are surrounded by steep, rocky walls that are more than 500 metres tall. In the summer, there is no need to use any technical equipment for climbing. The mountain is located in the Alborz Markazi protected area where there are different types of flora and fauna, various species of birds, and a broad range of wildlife. MT. Azad Kuh Ascend is one of the treks we prepare to reach the peak, suiting the most experienced hikers during summertime.

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Highlands Of Talesh

Highlands of Talesh

Talesh also spelled Talysh and Talish, is a region in northwest Iran, west of Alborz Mountain range along the southwest of the Caspian Sea. The Talesh area is believed to be the place where the Aryan People first settled. (These are Indo-European people who moved down from, what are today, the Russian steppes to Europe, Iran, Central Asia and northern India in the second millennium BC). It is also said to be the birthplace of Zoroaster, the prophet of the ancient Persian religion, Zoroastrianism. Talesh has a sub-tropical climate with a lush green landscape. The region can be divided into two parts, the lowlands and the highlands. The lowlands lie along the fertile coastal plain of the Caspian Sea and are abundant with rice paddies and orchards. The highlands constitute almost three quarters of the area of Talesh and are covered by dense deciduous forests and meadows. The Talesh massif forms a 300 km long natural barrier against the drier climate to the south and west. Its highest peak, Bagharo Dagh, is at an altitude of 3,200 meters. The people of Talesh have their own distinct language and culture which have been preserved over the centuries by the remoteness of…

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Silk Road In Iran

Silk Road in Iran

Iran was known as Persia during the Silk Road period. It was the main ring of the chain from East to West. It was strategically placed for the Silk Road trade with several routes passing through Iran’s ancient and beautiful country. Nowadays, Iran is no longer considered so famous for the Silk Road route compared to other central Asian countries. The Iranian tourism industry didn’t invest much time in marketing this interesting piece of history due to Iran being at the centre of several difficult issues during the last 40 years. In spite of this unfortunate drawback, Iran is firmly back on the map. Thanks to its attractiveness, and numerous ‘little-explored’ parts of this amazingly diverse country, there is so much to offer experienced travellers wishing to journey through Iran’s part of the Silk Road route which runs from China to Turkey. One of the main highlights of Iran Silk Road is to see the many historical sites alongside this route. In Iran’s Silk Road, there are plenty of ancient castles, caravanserais, citadels and mosques that date back to over a thousand years. There are a huge number of caravanserais, a lot of which have been renovated as boutique hotels.…

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Iran Train Journeys

Iran Train Journeys

Iran Train Journeys is one of the special interest tours that attracts many visitors. As you may know, there are numerous railroads in Iran in each corner of the country. The trains can take you everywhere you may wish to go. There are a lot of stations along the railway line, where you can either get on or off the train to visit the area. In addition, Iran has very high-quality daytime and night trains which cover most of the popular routes. There are seven main railroad tracks going in different directions, starting from Tehran. Other major cities also connect with each other via these railroad lines. The first Iran train track was from Tehran to Gorgan city going to the north and southeast of the Caspian Sea. This route is one of the most beautiful of Iran’s railroads, which passes through spectacular landscapes, canyons, the stunning Alborz Mountains and the Hyrcanian Forests. The second route is from Tehran to Mashhad city in the northeast. As Mashhad is one of the principal cities of Iran, as well as a religious destination, many pilgrims and locals use this train track throughout the year. The third railroad track is to the northwest…

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Persian Gulf Islands

Persian Gulf Islands

Iran is not a destination for beach holidays, instead, it is a perfect destination for those who would like to experience something quite unrivalled. In the past, nobody thought the Iranian Islands, perhaps unheard of by many people, would be popular for international travellers. This was due to the lack of proper marketing and insufficient information in the international press and media. Travellers who had already visited our islands managed to spread the news by word of mouth to friends about the untravelled and unspoiled routes in Iran creating quite an interest. These islands are special destinations during late autumn, winter and early spring. Nowadays the Persian Gulf Islands are far better known than previously, where most of the local houses and guest houses are full during the winter. It’s worth noting that a number of travellers visiting these islands are foreigners. We have numerous islands throughout the Persian Gulf. Three of these, Qeshm, Hormuz and Hengam are the most popular, are fairly close to each other, and located south of Bandar Abbas city. The main and the biggest one is Qeshm which resembles the shape of a dolphin. It’s famous for its mango forests, an amazing salt cave, a…

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ZardKuh Mountain Chain

ZardKuh Mountain Chain

Zardkuh Mountain Chain, the name of a sub-range of Zagros Mountain range, which stands in the centre of Zagros, and is one of the most popular mountains of the entire Zagros Range.   It is also spelled Zard Kouh, Zad Koh, Zardkuh, Zarduh Kuh, and Zard Kuh-e Bakhtiari.  In Persian Zard Kuh means "The yellow mountain". The mountain is located in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in western Iran.  Zardkuh is near the two famous cities of Shahr-e-kord and Koohrang, and is one of the most beautiful places in Iran.  Karoon and Zayandeh-rud rivers are the two major rivers in the country originating from ZardKuh Mountains.  There are a number of mountains over 4,000 m in this mountain chain such as Haft Tanan 4,019m, Shah-e-Shahidan 4,180m, Ab-Sefid 4,050m, Koloonchin (Do-Zardeh) 4,221m, and Khersan 4,050m. There is no specific name for Zardkuh peak in the entire Zardkuh mountain chain.  However, most people, even local climbers, mistakenly refer to it as Zardkuh’s peak, “Koloonchin”, because it’s the main summit in this chain. This mountain chain has several glaciers. The two main highest mountains of Zardkuh, (Shah-e Shahidan and Koloonchin), formed the massive glacier which is the source of water for the two rivers…

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